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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been published previously, is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the publisher.

  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

  • To ensure blinding review, the authors are asked to prepare the title page (including name and affiliations of all authors) and main manuscript file (containing abstract, instruction, methods, results, discussion, references and tables) separately. Please upload the main document of manuscript in "step 2. upload submission" and upload your title page in step 4 as a supplementary file.