Trace Elements Homeostasis in Biological Samples as New Candidate Biomarkers for Early Diagnosis and Prognostic of Female Breast Cancer and Therapeutic Response: Systematic Review Biomarkers for Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer

Alphonse Laya (1), Honoré Wangso (2), Joyce Moreira Camargo (3), Fabrice Bruno Siewe (4), Havalli Bommegowda Rashmi (5), Nimisha Sarah Mathew (6), Pedro Henrique Destro (7), Geraldo Medeiros Junior (8), Benoît Koubala (9), Valquiria Bueno (10)
(1) Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 46 Maroua, Cameroon, Cameroon,
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 814 Maroua, Cameroon, Cameroon,
(3) Department of Microbiology, Parasitology and Immunology, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brazil,
(4) Department of food science and technology, Faculty of Agriculture and veterinary Medicine, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon, Cameroon,
(5) Fruit and Vegetable Technology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India., India,
(6) Fruit and Vegetable Technology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India, India,
(7) Department of Biomedicine, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brazil,
(8) Department of Biomedicine, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil., Brazil,
(9) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 814 Maroua, Cameroon, Cameroon,
(10) Department of Microbiology, Parasitology and Immunology, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil, Brazil

Abstract

Background: Female breast cancer (BC) remains the most common cause of total cancer deaths around the world. Several studies have investigated BC biomarkers, but vital circulating biomarkers for early diagnosis of malignancy are still scarce. Thus, finding sensitive, selective and accurate biomarkers is required to get better BC outcome and to prolong patients’ survival. Therefore, this review investigated the feasibility of using circulating trace elements (TEs) as the new promising biological biomarkers for BC diagnosis and prevention.


Methods: We systematically searched EMBASE, Medline, Google Scholar, PubMed, SciELO, Scopus databases or Web of Science for orginal studies presenting the significant changes in the concentrations of circulating TEs in terms of serum, plasma or blood from female breast cancer patients.


Results: The search yielded 2697 articles, of which 39 were considered for this review. The study showed that four essential TEs (Se, Cu, Zn and Mn) significantly decreased when only one essential trace elemnt (Fe) increased consistently, while five toxics circulating TEs (Cd, Cr, Pb, Co, Mo) increased significantly with a significant difference compared to healthy groups. The essential TEs, Se and Cu were reported to decrease the most in fifteen and twenty-one studies, respectively. However, regarding the toxic circulating TEs, Cd and Pb were found to increase most significantly in seven studies. Among the essential TEs, Se and Zn were reported to have the most potential, with Cd and Pb having the most potential for use as new promising biomarkers to diagnose or prevent BC.


Conclusion: The findings provide an insight into the TEs circulating biomarkers for early BC diagnosis and prevention. Due to its high heterogeneity, meta-analysis was not assessed; hence, futher investigation may be required on their clinical outcomes in BC with high sensitivity and specificity for accurate therapeutic response.

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Authors

Alphonse Laya
laya.alphonse@yahoo.fr (Primary Contact)
Honoré Wangso
Joyce Moreira Camargo
Fabrice Bruno Siewe
Havalli Bommegowda Rashmi
Nimisha Sarah Mathew
Pedro Henrique Destro
Geraldo Medeiros Junior
Benoît Koubala
Valquiria Bueno
Author Biographies

Honoré Wangso, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 814 Maroua, Cameroon

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 814 Maroua, Cameroon

Joyce Moreira Camargo, Department of Microbiology, Parasitology and Immunology, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil

5Department of Microbiology, Parasitology and Immunology, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil

Havalli Bommegowda Rashmi, Fruit and Vegetable Technology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India.

Fruit and Vegetable Technology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India.

Pedro Henrique Destro, Department of Biomedicine, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil

Department of Biomedicine, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil

Geraldo Medeiros Junior, Department of Biomedicine, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Department of Biomedicine, UNIFESP Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Benoît Koubala, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 814 Maroua, Cameroon

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Maroua, P.O. Box 814 Maroua, Cameroon

1.
Laya A, Wangso H, Camargo JM, Siewe FB, Rashmi HB, Mathew NS, Henrique Destro P, Medeiros Junior G, Koubala B, Bueno V. Trace Elements Homeostasis in Biological Samples as New Candidate Biomarkers for Early Diagnosis and Prognostic of Female Breast Cancer and Therapeutic Response: Systematic Review : Biomarkers for Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer. Arch Breast Cancer [Internet]. 2022 Nov. 14 [cited 2024 Apr. 25];10(1):26-37. Available from: https://www.archbreastcancer.com/index.php/abc/article/view/635

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