Effectiveness of Positive Thinking Training on Perceived Stress, Metacognitive Beliefs, and Death Anxiety in Women with Breast Cancer Perceived Stress in Women with Breast Cancer

Laleh Kianpour Barjoee (1), Naser Amini (2), Moloud Keykhosrovani (3), Abdollah Shafiabadi (4)
(1) Department of Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of,
(2) Department of Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of,
(3) Department of Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of,
(4) Department of Counseling, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran; Department of Psychology, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract

Background: Women with breast cancer suffer high levels of stress due to their disease-induced emotional, cognitive, behavioral and physical problems which increase their metacognitive beliefs, death anxiety, and rumination, disrupt the treatment process, and exert a negative impact. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of positive thinking training on perceived stress, metacognitive beliefs, and death anxiety in women with breast cancer in Ahvaz in 2019.


Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design. Statistical population consisted of all women with breast cancer visiting Shafa Health Center of Ahvaz in 2019, among whom 30 women were selected as the sample using convenience sampling. Cancer patients were randomly divided into intervention (n=15) and control (n=15) groups. The research instruments included the Perceived Stress Scale, the Metacognitions Questionnaire (MCQ-30), and the Scale of Death Anxiety (SDA). Univariate and multivariate analysis of covariance were used to analyze data.


Results: Results suggested that positive thinking training reduced perceived stress, metacognitive beliefs and death anxiety in women with breast cancer in the intervention group compared with those in the control group (P<0.001).


Conclusion: According to the results of the study, positive thinking training was effective in reducing perceived stress, metacognitive beliefs, and death anxiety in women with breast cancer.

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Authors

Laleh Kianpour Barjoee
Naser Amini
amiininaser@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Moloud Keykhosrovani
Abdollah Shafiabadi
1.
Kianpour Barjoee L, Amini N, Keykhosrovani M, Shafiabadi A. Effectiveness of Positive Thinking Training on Perceived Stress, Metacognitive Beliefs, and Death Anxiety in Women with Breast Cancer: Perceived Stress in Women with Breast Cancer. Arch Breast Cancer [Internet]. 2022 Mar. 4 [cited 2024 Feb. 28];9(2):195-203. Available from: https://www.archbreastcancer.com/index.php/abc/article/view/498

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