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Author Guidelines

Archive of Breast Cancer (ABC) considers the following types of article for publication: original article, review article, letter to the editors and short communication.

All contributions must be written in English. Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the article's publication has been approved by all the other coauthors.



To qualify as an author, one should contribute substantially to the intellectual content of the submitted manuscript. This consists of 1) contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data for the work; 2) Drafting the work or revising it critically; 3) Final approval of the version to be published.



Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online formats and to include evidence that such permission has been granted. Any material received with submitting papers without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.


Online Submission

Manuscripts should be submitted and tracked to final decision at The instructions for authors should be closely followed. Manuscripts that do not comply with these instructions will not be sent for external review.


Preparation of manuscripts


  • Original article

Original articles must not exceed 5,000 words, including references, figure legends and tables. The number of tables, figures and references should be appropriate to the manuscript content. Authors whose first language is not English are requested to have their manuscripts checked carefully before submission.

Abbreviations of standard SI units of measurement should be used.


Sections of the manuscript

Papers should be divided into the following sections: (1) Title page, (2) Abstract (3)Keywords, (4) Introduction, (5) Methods, (6) Results, (7) Discussion, (8) Acknowledgements, 9)Conflict of Interests, (10) References, (11) Figure legends, (12) Tables  and (13) Figures.


General format

Please prepare your manuscript text using Word processing software (in .doc or .docx format). Submissions of text in the form of PDF files are not accepted. Manuscripts should be double-spaced, including text, tables, legends and references.

Number each page. Please avoid footnotes; instead, and as sparingly as possible, use parentheses. Enter text in the style and order of the journal. Use the TAB key once for paragraph indents. Where possible, use Times New Romanfor the text font and Symbols for the Greek and special characters.


1) Title page

- Full title

- Complete names of the all authors and with their highest academic degree(s) and their affiliations;

- Corresponding author’s name should be followed by an asterisk;

- Mailing address, telephone, fax, and e-mail for correspondence;

- Running title of no more than 20 characters;

- Indicate the number of words in the abstract and manuscript.


2) Abstract

- All abstracts may not contain more than 250 words;

- Do not cite references in the abstract;

- The abstract should be self-explanatory without reference to the main text;

- Limit use of acronyms and abbreviations;

- The structure includes Background, Methods, Results and Conclusions.


3) Key Words

- Provide 3 to 5 key words t for indexing purposes. Keywords found in the Medical Subject Headings List (MeSH) of Index Medicus (see are preferable.


4) Introduction

- State clearly the aim and objectives of the study;

- Should indicate the main reasons for doing the work;

- A detailed review of the literature is not recommended;

- The content should be accompanied with relevant references.


5) Methods

- Mention the type of the study;

- Describe the methods, tools, and procedures employed with sufficient details to allow others to reproduce the results without the need to communicate with the authors;

- Describe the intervention and control groups;

- Mention the type of statistical tests used;

- Describe rationale for use of specific statistical tests, when it would be necessary;

- State statistical significance when appropriate;

- The authors should state that their study complies with the Declaration of Helsinki, that the locally appointed ethics committee has approved the research protocol and that informed consent has been obtained from the subjects (or their guardians).


6) Results

- State findings of the study in the text, tables, or figures and not repeat the same findings in tables and figures and the text;

- Be precise and do not include material that is appropriate for the discussion e.g. explanation of findings;

- Units, quantities, and formulas should be mentioned according to the System International (SI units);

- All measurements should be presented in metric units.


7) Discussion

- State the original and important features of the study. Do not repeat all the finding presented within the results section;

- Contain the significance of the findings and the relevance to previously published studies;

- State only the conclusions that are supported by the study;

- Mention the limitations and applications of the results.


8) Acknowledgments

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship as defined previously should be listed in acknowledgements section. Examples include a department chairperson who provided only general support, a person who provided purely technical help or writing assistance.


9) Conflict of Interest

- State all funding sources, and the names of companies, manufacturers, or external organizations providing technical or equipment support.


10) References

- Accuracy of reference details  is the responsibility of authors;

Personal communications, unpublished observations, and submitted manuscripts are not accepted references;

In the main text, references should be entered consecutively by superscript Arabic numerals. The reference list should be organized in numerical order according to the order appearing in the text. Examples of acceptable reference formats are as follow:

- Reference to a journal publication:

  1. Chavez LR, Hubbell FA, McMullin JM, Martinez RG, MiShra SI. Structure and meaning in models of breast and cervical cancer risk factors: a comparison of perceptions among Latinas, Anglo women, and physicians. Med Anthropol Q 1995; 9(1): 40-74.
  2. Fitoussi AD, Berry MG, Fama F, Falcou MC, Curnier A, Couturaud B, et al. Oncoplastic breast surgery for cancer: analysis of 540 consecutive cases [outcomes article]. Plast Reconstr Surg 2010; 125(2): 454-62.

Reference to a book:

  1. Strunk Jr W, White EB. The elements of style. 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan; 1979.

- Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

  1. Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, editors. Introduction to the electronic age, New York: E-Publishing Inc; 1999, p. 281-304.

If there are 7 or more authors, list the first 6 ones and then insert "et al."


11) Figure legends

Each figure should have a concise caption (legend) describing accurately what the figure depicts. Figure legends should be mentioned at the end of the manuscript file and not in the figure file. Figure legends should begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number also in bold type (e.g. Fig 1).


12) Tables

Tables should be presented in a separate file. For each table, a short descriptive title should appear above.  Please make sure that each table is cited in the text and is numbered using Arabic numerals. For previously published material as tables, indicate the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption. Asterisks (*) for significance values and other statistical points should be included beneath the table body.


13) Figures

Figures should be limited to the number necessary for clarity and must not duplicate data given in tables or in the text. Submissions should have no more than 8 total figures and tables. Any number exceeding this should be designated as supplementary material for online access only. Figures must be suitable for high quality reproduction and should be submitted in the desired final printed size so that the quality of the figure would not be affected after being printed. Figures should be no larger than 125 (height) x 180 (width) mm (5 x 7 inches) and should be submitted in a separate file from that of the manuscript. Figures should be saved in TIFF format at a resolution of at least 300 pixels per inch at the final printed size for colour figures and photographs, and 1200 pixels per inch for black and white line drawings. Although some other formats can be translated into TIFF format by the publisher, the conversion may alter the tones, resolution and contrast of the image. Therefore, PDF is not acceptable as a source file for figures and illustrations.


  • Short Communication

A small-scale study that includes important new information may be published as a short communication. It usually carries an abstract up to 150 words, text up to 800 words, up to two tables or figures, and essential references.


  • Letters to the Editor

Letters commenting on articles published recently (within the past 4 issues)of Archive of Breast Cancer Journal or expressing views on relevant topics will be considered for publication.


  • Case Report and Series

Case reports include case report/studies of patient(s) that describe a novel situation or add important insights into mechanisms, diagnosis or treatment of a disease. Case reports are limited to 1,500 words including references. The body of a case report manuscript should include: title page, structured abstract (including: background, case presentation, conclusion), key words, introduction, case presentation, discussion, acknowledgments, references and illustrations (if applicable).


  • Review Article

Authors are encouraged to contact the Editor-in-Chief ( before preparing an unsolicited review article to avoid duplication of other works already in progress. Review articles are limited to 7,000 words including references and should include the following sections: title page, abstract, main text, acknowledgments, references, figure legends, tables and figures.



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been published previously, is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the publisher

  2. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  3. To ensure blinding review, the authors are asked to prepare the title page (including name and affiliations of all authors) and main manuscript file (containing abstract, instruction, methods, results, discussion, references and tables) separately. Please upload the main document of manuscript in "step 2. upload submission" and upload your title page in step 4 as a supplementary file.


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